List of Abbreviations

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List of Abbreviations

 

 

  • BA – Bachelor of Arts
  • BCL – Bachelor of Civil Law
  • BGL – Bachelor of General Law
  • B.Com – Bachelor of Commerce
  • BD – Bachelor of Divinity
  • BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  • BL – Bachelor of Law
  • B.Lit – Bachelor of Literature
  • BM – Bachelor of Medicine
  • B.Mus – Bachelor of Music
  • B.Sc – Bachelor of Science
  • BVSc – Bachelor of Veterinary Science
  • DM – Doctor of Medicine
  • DSE – Director of School Education
  • DPH – Director of Public Instruction
  • DPH – Diploma in Public Health
  • D.Sc – Doctor of Science
  • MA – Master of Arts
  • M.Sc – Master of Science
  • B.Sc.Ag – Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
  • M.Sc.Ag – Master of Science in Agriculture
  • M.B.B.S – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
  • M.S – Master of Surgery
  • Ph.D./ D.Phil – Doctor of Philosophy (Arts & Science)
  • D. Litt./Lit – Doctor of Literature / Doctor of Letters
  • M. Com – Master of Commerce
  • Dr -Doctor
  • BP -Blood Pressure
  • Mr – Mister
  • Mrs – Mistress
  • M.S – miss (used for female married & unmarried)
  • Miss – used before unmarried girls)
  • BC – Before Christ
  • AD – Anno Domini (in the year of the Lord)
  • am – Ante Meridiem – (before midday)
  • pm – Post Meridiem – (after midday)
  • etc – et cetera (“and the others”, “and other things”, “and the rest”)
  • eg – exempli gratia (means “for example)
  • AC – Alternating Current
  • DC – Direct Current
  • MP – Member of Parliament
  • MLA – Member of Legislative Assembly
  • MLC – Member of Legislative Council
  • PM – Prime Minister
  • CM – Chief Minister
  • C-in-C – Commander-In-Chief
  • LDC – Lower Division Clerk
  • UDC – Upper Division Clerk
  • LtGov – Lieutenant Governor
  • DM – District Magistrate
  • VIP – Very Important Person
  • ITO – Income Tax Officer
  • CID – Criminal Investigation Department
  • C/o – Care of
  • S/o – Son of
  • CBI -Central Bureau of Investigation
  • GPO – General Post Office
  • HQ – Head Quarters
  • EOE – Errors and Omissions Excepted
  • Kg – Kilogram
  • Kw – Kilowatts
  • Gm – Gram
  • Km -Kilometer
  • Ltd – Limited
  • MPH – Miles Per Hour
  • KMPH – Kilometre Per Hour
  • PTO – Please Turn Over
  • PWD – Public Works Department
  • CPWD – Central Public Works Department
  • USA – United States of America
  • UK – United Kingdom (England)
  • UP – Uttar Pradesh
  • MP – Madhya Pradesh
  • HP – Himachal Pradesh
  • UNO – United Nations Organization
  • WHO – World Health Organization
  • BBC – British Broadcasting Corporation
  • BC- Before Christ
  • AC – Air Conditioned
  • IG – Inspector General (of Police)
  • DIG – Deputy Inspector General (of Police)
  • SSP – Senior Superintendent of Police
  • DSP – Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • SDM – Sub-Divisional Magistrate
  • SM – Station Master
  • ASM – Assistant Station Master
  • VC – Vice-Chancellor
  • AG – Accountant General
  • CR – Confidential Report
  • IAS – Indian Administrative Service
  • IPS – Indian Police Service
  • IFS – Indian Foreign Service or Indian Forest Service
  • IRS -Indian Revenue Service
  • PCS -Provincial Civil Service
  • MES – Military Engineering Service
  • VIRUS – Vital Information Resource Under Seized.
  • 3G -3rd Generation.
  • GSM- Global System for Mobile Communication.
  • CDMA – Code Divison Multiple Access.
  • UMTS – Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.
  • SIM – Subscriber Identity Module .
  • AVI – Audio Video Interleave
  • RTS – Real Time Streaming
  • AMR – Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec
  • JAD – Java Application Descriptor
  • JAR – Java Archive
  • JAD -Java Application Descriptor
  • 3GPP – 3rd Generation Partnership Project
  • 3GP – 3rd Generation Project
  • MAA-Mehboob Anwar Ansari
  • MP3 – MPEG player lll
  • MP4 – MPEG-4 video file
  • AAC – Advanced Audio Coding
  • GIF- Graphic Interchangeable Format
  • JPEG – Joint Photographic Expert Group
  • BMP – Bitmap
  • SWF -Shock Wave Flash
  • WMV – Windows Media Video
  • WMA – Windows Media Audio
  • WAV – Waveform Audio
  • PNG -Portable Network Graphics
  • DOC -Document (Microsoft Corporation)
  • PDF – Portable Document Format
  • M3G -Mobile 3D Graphics
  • M4A – MPEG-4 Audio File
  • NTH – Nokia Theme (series 40)
  • THM – Themes (Sony Ericsson)
  • NRT – Nokia Ringtone
  • XMF – Extensible Music File
  • WBMP – Wireless Bitmap Image
  • DVX – DivX Video
  • HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
  • WML -Wireless Markup Language
  • CD -Compact Disk.
  • DVD – Digital Versatile Disk.
  • CRT – Cathode Ray Tube.
  • DAT – Digital Audio Tape.
  • DOS – Disk Operating System.
  • GUI –Graphical User Interface.
  • HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
  • IP – Internet Protocol.
  • ISP – Internet Service Provider.
  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol.
  • UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply.
  • HSDPA -High Speed Downlink Packet Access.
  • GSM- GlobalSystem for Mobile Communication Evolution.
  • VHF – Very High Frequency.
  • UHF – Ultra High Frequency.
  • GPRS – General Packet Radio Service.
  • WAP – Wireless Application Protocol.
  • ARPANET – Advanced Research Project Agency Network.
  • IBM – International Business Machines.
  • HP – Hewlett Packard.
  • AM/FM – Amplitude/ Frequency Modulation.
  • AI – Amnesty International
  • ABC – American Broatcasting Company
  • BMW – Bavarian Motor Works
  • DND – Do Not Disturb
  • FYI – For your Information
  • FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • GB – Great Britain
  • LOL – Laugh Out Loud
  • ISI – Inter-Services Intelligence
  • MP – Member of Parliament
  • UNM – Under New Management
  • VIP – Very Important Person
  • CB – Criminal Bureau
  • CID – Criminal Investigation Department
  • CAT – Committee against Torture
  • CAT – Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
  • CEDAW – Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. (Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.)
  • CERD – Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.)
  • CESCR – Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
  • CHR – Commission on Human Rights
  • CMW – Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
  • CRC – Committee on the Rights of the Child (Convention of the Rights of the Child)
  • CSW – Commission on the Status of Women
  • CBI – Central Bureau of Investigation or Intelligence
  • CDC – Commonwealth Development Corporation
  • CE – Civil Engineer
  • CIA – Criminal Investigation Agency
  • CIA – Central Interlligence Agency
  • CID – Criminal Investigation Department
  • DPI – Department of Public Information
  • ECOSOC – United Nations Economic and Social Council
  • FAQ – frequently asked questions
  • GAOR – General Assembly Official Records
  • HRC – Human Rights Committee
  • ICC – International Criminal Court
  • ICCPR – International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • ICERD – International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
  • ICESCR – International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • ICRC – International Committee of the Red Cross
  • ILO – International Labour Organization
  • IPKF – Indian Peace Keeping Forces
  • LTTE – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  • NGO – Non-governmental organization
  • OHCHR – Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • RAW – Research and Analysis Wing
  • UDHR – Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • UN – United Nations
  • UNAMIR – United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
  • UNAMSIL – United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
  • UNAVEM III – United Nations Angola Verification Mission III
  • UNCLOS – United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also known as LOS
  • UNCRO – United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia
  • UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • UNDCP – United Nations Drug Control Programme
  • UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
  • UNDP – United Nations Development Programme
  • UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme
  • UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
  • UNFICYP – United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
  • UNFPA – United Nations Population Fund
  • UNHCR – United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • UNHCRHR – United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund
  • UNICEP – United Nations International Comparison Programme
  • UNICRI – United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
  • UNIDIR – United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
  • UNIDO – United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • UNIFIL – United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
  • UNIKOM – United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
  • UNITAR – United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • UNMEE – United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
  • UNMIBH – United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • UNMIK – United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
  • UNMIL – United Nations Mission in Liberia
  • UNMIS – United Nations Mission in the Sudan
  • UNMISET – United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor
  • UNMOGIP – United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
  • UNMOP – United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka
  • UNMOT – United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan
  • UNMOVIC United Nations Monitoring and Verification Commission
  • UNOMIG – United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia
  • UNOCI – United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire
  • UNOMSIL – United Nations Mission of Observers in Sierra Leone
  • UNOPS – United Nations Office of Project Services
  • UNRISD – United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
  • UNRWA – United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
  • UNSC – United Nations Security Council
  • UNSMIH – United Nations Support Mission in Haiti
  • UNSSC – United Nations System Staff College
  • UNTAET – United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
  • UNTSO – United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
  • UNU – United Nations University
  • USSR – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • UAE – United Arab Emirates
  • NAACP – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  • AMD – Advanced Micro Devices
  • API – Application Programming Interface
  • CD – Compact Disc
  • CD-R – CD-Recordable
  • CD-ROM – CD Read-Only Memory
  • CD-RW – CD Re-Writable
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • DVD – Digital Video Disc
  • WWW – World Wide Web
  • LASER – Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
  • SARS – Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.
  • AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
  • BAFTA – British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
  • DEFRA – Department for Environment Foods and Rural Affairs.
  • JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group.
  • SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty.
  • NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • NASA – National Aeronautical and Space Administration.
  • OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
  • WHO – World Health Organization.
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