Defence News – January

 

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Defence News – January

DAC approves major changes in Defence Procurement Procedure

Defence Acquisition Council(DAC) led by Defence Minister ManoharParrikar has approved major changes to the Defence Procurement Procedure(DPP).

  • New DPP will modernize defence acquisitions and give a big push to indigenisation through the ‘Make in India’ initiative.

Highlights

  • New category to promote domestic manufacturing, including government funding for R & D and recognition of the MSME in technology development.
  • Funds up to 90 per cent of development costs to private companies to push research and innovation

China reshuffles military headquarters in major revamp

Chinese President Xi Jinping reorganised four army headquarters by replacing them with 15 new agencies under the Central Military Commission(CMC) headed by him.

  • Reform includes five more divisions, administration, auditing, international cooperation, reform, organisational structure and strategic planning.
  • Six new departments, joint staff, political work, logistical support, equipment development, training, and national defence.
  • Currently China has four army headquarters — staff, politics, logistics and armaments.
  • Part of major reforms initiated by Xi to revamp the 2.3 million-strong and the world largest military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).
  • First time integrated area commands looking after India and Pakistan.

Powerful ammo developed for Arjun Tank by DRDO

Two Pune based research labs of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)have developed new ammunition for India’s main battle tank Arjun.

  • More destructive than its predecessor, the new ammunition was successfully test fired at Chandipur in Odisha.
  • Labs Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) did an extensive research on the

new Penetration-Cum Blast (PCB) Thermobaric (TB) Ammunition which are specially designed for Arjun.

N Korea conducted ‘successful’ hydrogen bomb test

North Korea had successfully carried out its first hydrogen bomb test marking a stunning step forward in its nuclear development. This was the country’s fourth nuclear test since 2006, but the first allegedly to involve a hydrogen weapon – also known as thermonuclear device.

  • The regime in capital city Pyongyang detonated a hydrogen device at the Punggye-ri underground test site in the far northeast.
  • UN Security Council prepares new sanctions as world leaders urge for “strong action”to be taken against Pyongyang following nuclear test which caused 1 magnitude earthquake.

Bombs which rely on nuclear fusion, release far more destructive power than other weapons based on a fission reaction.

Sahayog – Kaijin 2016: India and Japan joint Coast Guard exercise

The 15th edition of bilateral exercise between India and Japan titled “Sahayog-Kaijin 2016″has begun off the coast of Chennai, Tamil Nadu in the Bay of Bengal.

  • The focus of bilateral training would be Anti-piracy procedures, search and rescue

operations and interoperability between the two forces and other areas of common professional interest.

India-France military exercise Shakti-2016 began

Indian and French troops commenced their 8 days counter-terrorism and counter­insurgency joint exercise at the Mahajan field firing range in Bikaner, Rajasthan.

  • The French contingent comprising 56 personnel of 35th Infantry Regiment of 7th Armoured Brigade, which had taken part in the Afghan war. It has been led by MajThibaut De Lacoste Lareymondie.

IN-RNO joint naval exercise “Naseem Al-Bahr” kicked off

The 10th edition of the bilateral Indian Navy-Royal Omani Navy biennial exercise began on 22 Jan 2016 – 27 Jan 2016 in the Arabian Sea.

  • Initiated in 1993, the joint naval exercise aims to increase interoperability among the two navies and develop common understanding and procedures for maritime security operation.

As part of India’s strategy to develop relation with the countries in the region, an Indian Navy ship had last year visited Oman in a goodwill visit.

INS Kadmatt, anti-submarine warfare corvette commissioned

INS Kadmatt, the second ship of Project 28 (P28) class anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvettes has been inducted into the Eastern Naval Command of Indian Navy.

  • With the changing power dynamics in the Indian Ocean Region, INS Kadmatt will augment the mobility, reach and flexibility of Indian Navy.
  • The ship is commanded by Commander Mahesh Chandra Moudgil.

Israel gets fifth German-made nuclear-capable submarine “INS Rahav”

Israel has marked the addition of a fifth German-made submarine to its fleet with a dedication ceremony attended by the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

  • The INS Rahav was built in Kiel, Germany.
  • Israel already has 4 similar German-made submarines.
  • All the submarines are capable of carrying nuclear-tipped cruise missiles.

The ship cost nearly $500 million to build, with Berlin providing about a third of the funding.

Anti-tank missile “Nag” successful test fired

After the multipurpose exercises carried out for improving the system, the indigenously-builtthird generation anti-tank missile, Nag successfully hit the target 4 km away during a night trial in the Mahajan Field Firing Range, Rajasthan.

  • Thermal Target System (TTS) developed by a defence laboratory at Jodhpur was used as target for the missile, which is in the final user configuration.

Indian Mi-25 helicopters set to join Afghan Air Force

Three Mi-25 gunship helicopters manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) were supplied by India are officially join the Afghan Air Force. These helicopters are designed to take on fortified enemy positions and counter heavy ground fire.

  • Recently Mohammad HanifAtmar the National Security Advisor of Afghan visit New Delhi for the deal.

Akash missile successfully test fired at Chandipuri in Odisha

Akash the medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile was successfully test fired from complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipuri in Odisha.

About the Missile

  • Akash was developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization(DRDO), Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) for Missile Systems, Ordnance Factories Board and Bharat Electronics (BEL) for other Systems in India.

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft finds 100 new alien planets orbiting other stars

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA’s) revamped planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft has discovered more than 100 planets orbiting other stars.

  • The Kepler spacecraft discovered these alien planets during its K2 mission by using the transit method.

 

Defence News – February

DIPP gives nod to set up India’s first Defence Industrial Park at Ottappalam

The Union government’s Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has agreed to set

up India’s first defense industrial park atOttappalam a proposal from the Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation.

  • It is expected that the park will be established in 25 crore, Union government and Kinfra will invest in the project.

Key Highlights

  • The project will be recognized as a part of the Make in India, Make in Kerala
  • The proposed project aimed to attract the component manufacturers in the defense industry with modern infrastructure facilities.
  • The project will be developed under the Modified Industrial Infrastructure upgradation Scheme (MIIUS) as per the Union government decision.
  • The park would be established in 60 acres of land.
  • Such sort of project attracts the foreign investors and help in the Make in India campaign.
  • Ottappalam will be proved as the best location for the project in every manner.
  • The park will have its own development and research center with 24*7 power and water supply.

NATO, EU sign agreement on cyber defence cooperation

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) had signed an agreement on cyber defence to improve cooperation.

  • The agreement will establish a framework for emergency response teams from NATO and the EU.
  • It aims to exchange information and share best practices.
  • It will also facilitate information-sharing to improve cyber incident prevention, detection and response at both the EU and NATO.

Reliance Defence to set up DhirubhaiAmbani Centre for Innovation & Research in Aerospace in Bengaluru

Reliance Defense had announced to set up DhirubhaiAmbani centre for research, development and innovation in aerospace technology.

  • The proposed centre will produce more than 1,500 highly-skilled jobs.
  • It will also support government’s plan for indigenous design, development and manufacturing of defenseequipments.
  • This research centre is first-ever private center of its class in India.
  • This is “Make in India” initiative by the government in the defense sector.

India joined in “Cobra Gold 2016” Multilateral Exercise

On sidelines of Vice-President Hamid Ansari visit to Thailand, India has participated in the 35thedition of “Cobra Gold” multilateral exercise as an observer plus country, being hosted by Thailand.

  • Indian has been accorded as the observer plus country because of its increasing regional operability.
  • Theme of exercise – “Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief”
  • Participants – 35 Nations

Along with counterparts from China and Pakistan, a 12-member team of the Indian Army has participated in the “Cobra Gold” multilateral exercise, which is considered Asia’s largest multinational drill.

Indo-China held maiden JET on border

In order to ensure greater interaction between troops stationed along the Line of Actual Control(LAC), India and China held their first joint tactical exercise (JET) codenamed “Sino- India Cooperation 2016″in the Chushul-Moldo, Jammu and Kashmir.

  • This was the part of ongoing initiatives taken by India and China to ensure peace andtranquillity along the border.
  • The Indian Army team of 30 personnel was led by Ritesh Chandra Singh while the Chinese delegation was led by Col. Qu Yi.
  • The exercise focused to jointly tackle aspects of Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief.

Indo-Nepal Battalion Level Combined Exercise Surya Kiran kicked off

The 9th Indo-Nepal Combined Battalion level Military Training Exercise Surya Kiran has been started off today at Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand. The 14 days military training exercise is under the aegis of Panchshul Brigade of Central Command.

  • Nepalese Army would be training together and sharing their experiences of counter­terrorism operations and “jungle warfare” in hilly terrain.
  • The Surya Kiran series of exercises is a bi-annual event which is conducted alternatively in Nepal and India.
  • The training also focus on humanitarian aid and disaster relief including medical and aviation support.

‘Exercise IBSAMAR’ between India, SA, Brazil begins

“IBSAMAR” is a joint naval exercise between India, Brazil and South Africa, this will be the fifth edition of the Harbor Phase of the Exercise to commence from Goa Coast. This is done in two phases namely Harbor phase and Sea Phase.

AIM: To increase the interoperability among three navies as well as common understanding maritime security between the navies.

  • This is the first time the Exercise is held in India all the previous editions of the joint Exercise hosted in South Africa initiated in
  • The scope of IBSAMAR-V includes range professional interactions during harbor phase and diverse range operational activities during Sea Phase.

India, Seychelles joint military exercise began

Indian Army and Seychelles People’s Defence Forces (SPDF) had joint the 7th joint military exercise in Victoria.

  • The aim of the joint work is to enhance military cooperation and interoperability between these two countries.
  • EX LAMITYE 2016 is conducted from 15 February to 28 February 2016 at Seychelles Defence Academy (SDA) Victoria Seychelles.
  • Exercise Lamitye is the joint exercise of these two countries which means friendship in Creole.

Navy showcases bio-diesel run patrol craft at IFR 2016

The Indian Navy conducted an International Fleet Review (IFR) at Visakhapatnam.

  • IFR 2016 Mascot – Dolphin
  • IFR 2016 Theme Song – United through Oceans

During the IFR 2016, Indian Navy showcased its bio diesel powered fast attack craft. It was developed by the lab from the JatrophaCuracas plant.

India’s first Aviation Park to come up in Gujarat

The state government had decided to set up the country’s first Aviation Park in Gujarat. The park will have an airstrip, training school, helipad and space for setting up small manufacturing units.

  • The park aims to raise the awareness among students about the potential of the aviation sector.
  • The park set up in Gujarat will also attract national and international industrial houses to set up their manufacturing facilities in this park

Coast Guard to Induct 38 Aircraft and Helicopter By 2020

Indian Coast Guard had planned to induct 38 more aircraft and helicopters into navy By2020 with the aim to boost its supervision, search and rescue capabilities

  • Currently there are 62 airplanes and helicopters in Indian Coast Guard (CG).
  • CG is planning to sign a contract with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for acquiring 16 Advanced Light Helicopters (ALHs) and 14 twin-engine heavy helicopters.

INS Viraat to be developed as tourism centre

INS Viraat an Aircraft carrier will be developed as a tourism centre in the Navy, Andhra Pradesh.

  • This proposal was given by the defense Ministry of India
  • It aims to take awake the tourism-related activities on the warship.
  • The enhanced importance of the port city also enhance the tourism in the state
  • INS Viraatis a Centaur-class aircraft carrier in service with the Indian Navy.

‘Nidar’ India’s Lightest Revolver weighing 250gm

Ishapore Rifle factory in west Bengal had designed India’s lightest revolver’ Nidar’ weighing 250gm. The revolver was launched by the short arm manufacturer.

  • Nidar is .22 calibre with weighing 250gm.
  • It is capable of firing eight rounds loaded in a revolving chamber.
  • It can fire up to seven meters and as 40.3mm barrel length with accuracy.

Indigenously developed Prithvi-II missile successfully test-fired

India’s indigenously developed Prithvi-II missile had been successfully test-fired from

the Chandipur, Odisha.

Key Highlights

  • Prithvi II is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads.
  • It has a strike range of 350 km.
  • It is a surface to surface medium range ballistic missile.
  • Scientists from Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) had monitored its activities.
  • The Strategic Force Command (SFC) had checked its performance and launched activities.
  • The missile test was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).
  • It is thruster by liquid impulsion twin engines.
  • Under India’s prestigious IGMDP (Integrated Guided Missile Development Program) Prithvi II is the first missile to be developed by DRDO

DRDO to conduct captive flight trails of Anti-Radiation Missile

Captive flight trials of an advanced state-of-the-art Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM) are planned for April-May this year and the maiden flight test by year-end by the missile technologists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation.

About Anti-Radiation Missile :

  • The air-to-surface tactical missile being developed by Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) will target the enemy’s air defence capabilities by attacking radars and communication facilities.
  • The range of the missile is 100 to 125 km and it will be mounted on combat aircraft Sukhoi (Su-30) and Tejas-Light Combat Aircraft.
  • The missile picks up the radiation or signals of radars and communication facilities and homes on to the targets to destroy them.
  • Only a few countries, including the S. and Germany have ARMs at present.

 

Defence News – March

Government clears new Defence Procurement Policy

Govt approves key changes to accord priority to locally made equipment and fund private- sector R&D the objective of the new Defence Procurement Procedure is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements.

  • The Policy will come into effect from April 1, 2016.The DPP, which will have provisions to fast-track acquisition of critically-needed equipment’s, will be unveiled at the Defence Expo on March 28
  • The new DPP that will introduce measures to promote indigenization and self-reliance in defence will be unveiled at the Defexpo India 2016, a biennial show of military and security

Japan signs pact to supply defence equipment to Philippines

Japan signed an agreement with the Philippines to supply defence equipment, the first such pact by japan in the South Asian region.

  • Defence Secretary Voltaire Gazmin has signed pact with Japanese Ambassador to Philippines Kazuhide Ishikawa.

DIPP nods clearances for 12 industrial licenses for Reliance

The Development of Industrial Promotions Board gave its clearance to 12 industrial licenses to Reliance Defence.

Flash points

DIPP gave clearance to 12 industrial licenses for Reliance Defence an arm of Reliance Infrastructure for manufacturing of Defence equipments in India and Overseas

  • DIPP gave its clearance to the Strategic Business Unit of Reliance
  • Aerospace sector: licences for manufacture of military aircraft and helicopters
  • Land systems: licenses for manufacturing of missiles & all terrain combat vehicles
  • Naval systems: licenses for air independent propulsion technology and hull penetrators and connectors along with motor shafts and propulsion systems

Reliance signs deal with Rafael

MukheshAmbani owned Reliance defence has entered into a deal with Israeli based Rafael defence to manufacture air to air missile systems, air defence and observatory balloons. Features of the deal

  • Reliance will hold 51% of the stake and Rafael will hold 49% in the joint venture agreement
  • They will target over $ 10 billion in the next 10 years
  • The project will have an initial capital outlay of more than Rs.1,300 crore, excluding the cost of technology

Adani Aero Defence ties up with Elbit, Alpha for unmanned aircraft systems

  • A subsidiary of Adanigroup Alpha Design Technologies Pvt Ltdhas tied up with the Israeli company Elbit Systems for Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
  • The Adani Group is worth over $10 billion. Aadanikept this pact for unmanned aircraft system(UAS), and is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard

MoD Gives Nod To 7 Frigates Worth Rs 13,000 Cr

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) approved a Rs 13,000 crores weapons and sensors package for the seven new stealth frigates being constructed by defence shipyards for the Navy as well as accorded the initial approval for the Rs 7,200 crore project to indigenously manufacture 244 air defence guns for the IAF.

Details

  • The Rs 13,000 crores package for stealth frigates will be undertaken on a “single vendor and repeat order basis”.
  • The frigates will be equipped with long-range surface-to-air missile (LR-SAM) systems, jointly developed by DRDO and Israeli Aerospace Industries, which are already fitted on the three Kolkata-class destroyers.

Military Exercise FORCE 18 kicked off in Pune

Indian Army kicked off a week long Multinational Field Training Exercise (FTX) “Force 18″in Pune at headquarters of the Indian Army’s Southern Command. It will conclude on March 8,2016 This is the maiden multinational exercise ever conducted by ground forces on Indian soil.

Participants – It involves army units from 18 countries.

  • 10 members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) – Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
  • 8 observer states – India, Japan, Korea, China, Russia, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand.

Theme – Humanitarian Mine Action (HMA) and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO)

Aim – To teach methods for maintaining peace and stability

South Korea and US Begin Military Exercise

A day after the North Korea’s threat to US, the rivals of North Korea has began a joint military

exercise. The military exercise has started by US and South Korea.

Flash points

  • The joint U.S. and South Korean military command said the training involves about17,000 American troops and more than 300,000 South Koreans
  • The latest sanctions imposed on North Korea were drafted by the United States and China as punishment for its nuclear test and satellite launch of ballistic missile technology

India -Indonesia joint Military exercise- Shakti IV

India and Indonesia are begann their Joint Military Exercise Shakti IV from March 10-23 in Indonesia.

Flash points

  • The Joint Military Exercise between India and Indonesia Shakti was started in 2012 in India
  • It is conducted on a reciprocal basis with first edition in India ,second edition in Indonesia and so on
  • This year is the fourth edition of Shakti and it is conducted at Meaglang, Indonesia
  • It is a thirteen day exercise conducted between March 10-23
  • The exercise is aimed at building and promoting positive relations between the two Armies of India and Indonesia

Launch Of Yard 2097

The sixth ship of LCU MK IV project, was launched on 12 March 2016 at an exciting ceremony at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd, Kolkata.

  • The traditions, invocations from Atharva Veda were related and SmtSeemaVerma, wife of Vice Admiral Bimal Kumar Verma, AVSM, Commander-in-Chief, Andaman & Nicobar Command, applied ‘Kumkum’ on the ship’s stem. She, thereafter, named the ship as ‘LCU-L56’, wished the ship good luck and launched the vessel.The vessel is likely to be delivered shortly to the Indian Navy.

India successfully test fired Agni -I ballistic Missile

In a move to strengthen our defence, India today successfully test-fired its indigenously built nuclear-capable intermediate range Agni-I ballistic missile.

  • Target-700 km
  • Launched from-Odisha coast
  • Developed by: Advanced Systems Laboratory, the premier missile development laboratory of (DRDO) in collaboration with Defence Research DevelopmentLaboratory and Research Centre Imaratand integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad

Indian Coast Guard ship Arnvesh commissioned at Visakhapatnam

Indian Coast Guard’s fast patrol vessel (FPV) Arnvesh ship was commissioned at Visakhapatnam, by the Eastern Naval Command, Vice-Admiral HCS Bisht.ThisIndian Coast Guard’s fast patrol vessel (FPV) Arnvesh ship was commissioned at Visakhapatnam, by the Eastern Naval Command, Vice-Admiral HCS Bisht.this

  • The Ship will enhance Coast Guard’s capability in furthering its mandate of maritime safety, security on the eastern sea board
  • The 300-tonne and 50-m long vessel is propelled by triple Rolls Royce Kamewa water jets and can achieve a maximum speed of 33 knots.
  • This is the 16th vessel among the 20 vessels in this category being constructed by Cochin Shipyard limited.

DRDO develops RADAR to look through walls

The Indian Army gets its first Thermal based RADAR technology that will enable to look through the walls.

  • Developed by: LRDE(Electronics & Radar Development Establishment) of DRDO
  • Features- It looks through walls of 20-30cm thickness and it works based on Thermal RADAR technique
  • Name- Divyachaksu (divine eye)

The US Navy ship which went missing was discovered after 95 years at the San Francisco coast.

  • The USS Conestoga tug boat, which disappeared on March 25, 1921 after departing San Francisco on its way to Pearl Harbor in Hawaii has been found in 2016

India deploys P8I maritime aircraft to Seychelles

Indian Navy has deployed a P8I maritime Aircraft to Seychelles for monitoring purpose.

  • This is the first time India has deployed a P8I maritime aircraft to Seychelles
  • It will be deployed in Seychelles till March 23,2016
  • It will help in curbing illegal activities and piracy as well as ensuring stability and safety in the Indian Ocean region

Indian Coast Guard to re-base ICGS Rajkamal, six interceptor boats

The Indian Coast Guard re-based one ship and six boats from Chennai to Andaman and NicobarRegion to rebase the assets was taken to strengthen the maritime border operations in the region.

  • Among the assets that would find a new base are ICGS Rajkamal and six Interceptor Boats (C-407, C-412, C-414, C-416, C-417 and C-428).
  • These platforms are rebased to Andaman and Nicobar Region as part of the Coast Guard Headquarter rebasing plan, the newly commissioned ICGS Arnvesh has already joined the Eastern CG fleet as part of replacement.

Singapore Corvette Test-Fires Barak Missile

Singapore Navy (RSN) has successfully test-fired a Barak missile from its Victory-class missile corvette RSS Vigour during Fleet Exercise conducted in the South China Sea

  • The RSN’s Missile Corvette Squadron, on the conduct of the exercise and the capabilities of the missile corvette.

ManoharParrikar flags off India’s first indigenous Sonar Dome

Union Defence Minister ManoharParrikar has flagged off India’s first indigenous composites sonar dome, a ship’s underwater eyes and ears.

  • The first indigenous composites bow mounted sonar dome was dedicated to the nation during Def Expo 2016 in Goa. The sonar dome will be supplied to Mazgaon Docks,Mumbai for use in the warships of Indian Navy.
  • The sonar dome has been designed by Research & Development Establishment (Engineers), a Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) laboratory based in Pune and manufactured by composites manufacturing company Kineco Ltd, Pilerne, Goa.

 

Defence News – April

International Defence Expo opens in Malaysia

Around 1000 defence companies including France major Airbus and UK based BAE Systems, Bell Helicopter, SAAB and Thales are also participating in the Defence Services Asia (DSA) exhibition in Malaysia

  • 29 countries taking part in the exhibition in the form of group pavilion including Australian, China, Britain and the US.

India becomes fourth largest spender on defence

US research firm IHS Inc report says India has become the world’s fourth largest spender on defence, following a 13.1% increase in its 2016-17 defence budget.

  • India will finalize defence orders worth2.8 trillion by 2016 even as the defence ministry is pushing for at least 40% indigenous content in the defence products, also India becomes the US’s largest defenseAprket.

The Leading Defence Spenders with their Rankings:

  1. United States of America,
  2. China,
  3. United Kingdom.

India’s Spending’s in Defence Sector:

  • India’s rise in the rankings from sixth position last year is a result of an increase in expenditure to $50.7 billion.

Reliance Defence inks pact with 3 Ukrainian state firms

Mumbai based Reliance Defence has inked a pact with three Ukrainian state-owned firms namely Ukroboronprom, Spetstechno Exports and Antonov to collaborate on a range of military products.

  • The agreement pave the way for Reliance with Antonov credited as the manufacturer of largest transport aircraft in the world Reliance and Antonov will jointly bid for the Medium Military Transport Aircraft program of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  • Both companies will also jointlyto work on assembly and manufacture, and maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) of Antonov series of aircraft.

Coastal security exercise ‘Tat Suraksha’ in Andamans

The 13 the Edition of bi-annual exercise Tat Suraksha of Andaman and Nicobar Command will conduct a four-day-long coastal security exercise from April 5.

  • This exercise will be 13th in the series, wherein, besides validation of standard operating procedures for coastal security of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, various drills and contingencies.
  • In this exercise Police, Aprine police force, India Reserve Battalion (IRBn), CISF,customs, fisheries department and other agencies will be involved in the southern and northern groups of islands.

India, US ‘agree in principle’ on sharing military logistics

India and the United States have agreed in principle to share military logistics. Union Defence Minister ManoharParrikar announced this agreement at a joint press conference with US Defense secretary Ashton Carter.

  • According to Mr.Parrikar, the growing interaction between armed forces of the two countries is a “significant aspect of bilateral relationship”. India has more joint exercises with the US than any other country in the world.

Army conducts battle exercise ‘Shatrujeet’ in Rajasthan

Indian Army’s elite STRIKE 1 corps is to conducting a major exercise Shatrujeet in the deserts of Rajasthan to evaluate the capability of the Army to strike deep into enemy territory in an integrated air-land battle environment.

  • Nearly 30,000 soldiers are take part in exercise Shatrujeet to ensure the forces are provided real war-like situations and are kept in a high state of battle readiness.
  • The exercise would culminate on April 23.

Army completes amphibious exercise ‘JalPrahar’

Indian military has completed an amphibious exercise ‘JalPrahar’ which was began on Aprch 17 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Aim: To validate and fine-tune its strategy to take over enemy land via sea

  • All three wings of the armed forces Army, Air Force and Navy participated in in the JalPrahar exercise

US Navy leads largest Apritime exercise in Middle East

The US Navy is leading 30-nation Apritime exercise across Middle East Waters. The International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX) started with a conference in Bahrain.

  • The exercise was designed to stop militants from causing disruption to shipping.
  • It will help protect international trade routes against possible threats, including from Islamic State and al Qaeda.

Nomadic Elephant- 2016: 11th Indo-Mongolia joint military training exercise commence

The 11th Indo-Mongolia joint training exercise ‘Nomadic Elephant -2016’commenced today at Mongolia.

Aim: To develop synergy and inter operability between the two armies to fight in counter­insurgency and counter-terrorism environment

Participants:

  • India – A platoon of the Kumaon Regiment of the Indian Army along with a team of two observers
  • Mangolia – 60 personnel from the Mongolian Armed Forces

Pakistan, China launch joint air force training exercise Shaheen 5

China’s air force to launch joint training exercises with Pakistan, the fifth such edition between the two countries.Shaheen-5 will take place from April 9 to 30 this year.

  • These exercises and exchanges between Chinese and Pakistani air forces in recent years had effectively deepened cooperation between both the sides.

Pakistan Navy successfully test-fires shore-based anti-ship missile

The Pakistan Navy has successfully conducted a test launch of the shore-based anti-ship Zarb Missile.

  • The trial was conducted in the Arabian Sea and the weapon launched from a coastal site successfully engaged the surface target.
  • The new missile system was part of Pakistan Navy’s continuous efforts to augment its capabilities.

Akash missile test fired in Odisha

India’s indigenously developed surface-to-air Akash missile was test fired for second consecutive day from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur near Balasore in Odisha.

Missile target: ‘Banshee’ and a para barrel target

Features of Akash Missile

  • Strike range: 25 km
  • Powered by : Ramjet-rocket propulsion system
  • Speed:Mach 2.8 to 3.5

Nuclear-capable K-4 undersea ballistic missile successfully test fired from INS Arihant

India has conducted a secret test of the nuclear-capable undersea ballistic missile K-4 SLBMin the Bay of Bengal .

  • The subAprine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) was test-fired from INS Arihant from the Vishakhapatnam coast in Andhra Pradesh.

Features of the K-4 SLBM:

Range: 3,500 km.

Length & Width: 12 m & 1.3m

Weights: 17 tonnes and Payload: 2,000 kilograms.

Russia Test-Fires ‘Iskander’ Tactical Ballistic Missile

Russian Military test-fired a cruise missile named Iskander tactical missile system from the Kapustin Yar practice range in the Astrakhan Region as part of drill.

  • A missile brigade has live-fired a cruise missile from the Iskander tactical missile against a simulated enemy’s command post at a distance of around 200 km.

Iskander tactical ballistic missile:

  • Iskander flew at an altitude of about 40-50 km. It incorporates reduced signature technology was not detected by a simulated enemy’s electronic warfare means and successfully hit the target.
  • The missile systems are accomplished of hitting both small-size and large-area targets at a distance of up to 500 km to abolish missile

INS Karmuk engaged in Indo-Thai Coordinated Patrol(CORPAT)

INS Karmuk and a Dornier Apritime Patrol Aircraft, are participating in the 22nd Indo-Thai Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT), scheduled from 19-27 April 2016 in the Andaman Sea.

  • The two navies have been carrying out CORPATs along the International Apritime Boundary Line (IMBL)twice a year since 2005.
  • The CORPAT has also strengthened understanding and interoperability between the navies and facilitated institution of measures to prevent unlawful activities at sea as well as conduct Search and Rescue (SAR) operations.

Indian Naval Ships Veer, Nipat decommissioned

Naval Ships namely Veer and Nipat, served for the defence operations under illustrious 22nd Killer Squadron decommissioned from the Indian Navy.

  • Both naval carriers that are of 1241 RE class missile vessels have completed 29 and 28 years of commissioned service respectively.
  • Throughout their service, the ships have contributed in many operations and successfully completed so many deployments.
  • Veer and Nipat have been forward deployed to safeguard security of valuable assets off Gujarat coast and International Apritime Borderline on various occasions.

 

Defence News – May

DRDO and Ayush join hands to impart yoga training to Defence Wing Staff

  1. Delhi based DRDO’s laboratory Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences(DIPAS) DRDO in collaboration with Department of AYUSH organised a training program on Yoga for the Defence Wing Staff.
  2. In the training programme 33 participants from Army, Defence Wing Staff, Navy and Air Headquarters took part.
  3. Earlier the DRDO’s lab has imparted training to about 8000 Army and Paramilitarypersonnel deployed at various locations.

US India Defence Cooperation Act introduced in Senate Expected visit: Prime Minister NarendraModi’s visit US next month.

Two top American senators :

  • Mark Warner and John Cornyn
  • Introduced a legislation passed by Congress.
  • To elevate the status of the Indo US defence relationship on par with that of America’s closest allies like NATO and Israel.

The US India Defence Technology and Partnership Act:

  1. The legislation has been sent to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for necessary action.
  2. US government’s focus on the US India security relationship while sending a powerful signal to India that the US is a reliable and dependable defence partner.
  3. This bill supports strengthening our bilateral relationship partner in promoting security in Asia. India has huge potential as a market for US defence manufacturers, which support millions of American jobs.
  4. The bill puts India equal with America’s closest defence partners, including NATO member states and Israel

Purpose: Congressional defence sales notifications.

Features of the bill:

  • It encourages the executive branch to designate an official to focus on US India defence cooperation.
  • Facilitate the transfer of defence technology.
  • Maintain a special office in the Pentagon dedicated exclusively to the US India Defence Technology.
  • It urges the US government to enhance India’s military capabilities in the context of combined military planning.
  • Promote coproduction and codevelopment opportunities.
  • It encourages the government to authorise combined military planning with the US for missions of mutual interest.

US House approves move to bolster defence ties with India

  1. The US House of Representatives gave nod to a bilateral legislative move to strengthen defence ties with India.
  2. The bill is passed by the Senate also it will kept before US President Barack Obama to be signed into law.
  3. The bill seeks US to improve India’s military capabilities in the combined military planning, and promote co-production also co-development opportunities.

National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA)-2017:

  • The bilateral NDDA Act that take along with NATO allies in terms of sale of defence equipment and technology transfer also seeks to promote greater defence trade and encourage additional military cooperation between the sides
  • The proposed changes in the bill was sponsored by Holding and House India Caucus Chairs and Chair and Ranking Member of House Foreign Affairs Committee Ed Royce and Elliot Engel

India, US hold first Maritime Security Dialogue and made defence cooperation with one another

In order to promote the partnership in the Maritime Field, India and US made the successful first round of discussion under the Maritime Security Dialogue First round of Discussion: Discover the scope of maritime cooperation under the framework of this maritime dialogue at the bilateral and multilateral level to be brought up

Venue: New Delhi

Issues Discussed:

  • Asia-Pacific Maritime Challenges
  • Naval Cooperation
  • Multilateral Engagement

Delegates: Officials of Defence and External Affairs Ministries and US Counterparts

Represents India:

  1. Joint secretary in charge of Planning and International Cooperation (PIC) in the Ministry of Defence -ShambhuKumaran
  2. Ministry of External Affairs’ Joint secretary -MunuMahawar Represents America:
  3. Assistant secretary of Defence for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs -David Shear
  4. Deputy assistant secretary of state for South and Central Asian Affairs -ManpreetAnand
  5. Vice-Admiral -Joseph Aucoin Initiatives Agreed:

Defence Minister ManoharParrikar and U.S. counterpart Ashton Carter acceded the major initiatives while on visit to India as part of the maritime security objectives under the India-US Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean Region.

  • Agreed to launch a bilateral Maritime Security Dialogue
  • “White shipping” technical arrangement to improve data sharing on commercial shipping traffic
  • Navy-to-Navy discussions on submarine safety and anti-submarine warfare

Sunil Lanba to take over as next Indian Navy chief

1.Defence Ministry appointed Sunil Lanba as the newChief of Naval Staff and will assume charge on May 31. The appointment was decided by the government.

2.He is currently the Flag Officer commanding-in- Chief Western Naval Command. He is will succeed Robin K. Dhowan as the Chief of Naval Staff when the latter retires in May this year.

  • He is an alumnus of National Defence Academy and was commissioned in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy in 1978.
  • Sunil is also an alumnus of the College of Defence Management, Secunderabad, where he has served as a faculty.

Indian Navy:

  • The Indian Navy is the fifth largest in the world. The Indian Navy is headquartered in New Delhi.
  • Indian Naval Academy atEzhimala in Kerala established in 2009, it is the largest naval academy in Asia

Government sets up panel to relook defence expenditure

  1. Union government has appointed the 11-member committee led by Lt Gen D B Shekatkar(retd) to relook defence expenditure
  2. Aim : To ensure India’s combat capabilities and potential are enhanced, with a better teeth-to- tail combat ratio, within budgetary constraints.

Committee Work:

Shekatkar committee will recommend measures to enhance the combat capabilities of the over13-lakh strong armed forces and “Re-balance” the overall defence expenditure in view of the escalating salary and pension bills.

Keys:

♦Rs 2.58 lakh crore allocated for defence in 2016-17 Budget

  • Defence Minister : ManoharParrikar

US activates $800m missile shield base in Romania

The United States has activated a land-based $800 million missile defence station inRomania, which sees as vital to defend itself and Europe from alleged rogue states.

The remote Deveselu air base is declared operational the ballistic missile defense site, which is capable of shooting down rockets from countries such as Iran that could one day reach major European cities.

The defensive umbrella upon completion will stretch from Greenland to the Azores. The full shield also includes ships and radars across Europe.

The site will be handed over to NATO in July, with command and control run from a US air base in Germany.

Indian Army conducts ‘Chakravyuh-II’ training exercise in Rajasthan

  1. Indian Army is conducting a major military training exercise ‘Chakravyuh-II’ to validate battle readiness and operational effectiveness of the Pivot Formation and Rapid Division, in Suratgarh
  2. This is Army’s follow up mission with the Air Force to its recently-concluded month-long Exercise Shatrujeet by the Strike Corps (Strike One)
  3. The exercise envisions mechanised manoeuvres of new generation weapons, platforms and systems are employed in areas where rapid development and urbanisation along the border is predominant.
  4. In the course of the exercise, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and communication systems were put to test in a network-centric battlefield environment supported by required operational logistics.

RanveerJamwal Led Army Team Summits Mount Everest

  1. A team of six Indian Army mountaineers successfully climbed the summit of Mount Everestled by seasoned climber Lt. RanveerJamwal. This records as the third Everest expeditionfor him.
  2. Five members of the team will be participating in the Tenzing Hillary Everest Marathon, considered one of the toughest trail marathons in the world.
  3. Besides another team headed by Major Nooruddin Ahmed is attempting to summit in the fourth highest peak in the world Mount Lhotse.

ADMM plus Exercise on Maritime Security and Counter Terrorism at Brunei and Singapore

In a bid to India’s Act East Policy and Indian Navy’sregular endeavour to enhance maritime security in the Indo-Pacific regions .

  • The Naval Ship (INS) Airavat of India arrived at Brunei and will take part in the ADMM Plus (ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus) Exercise on Maritime Security and Counter Terrorism from 01 to 09 May 16.
  • ADMM plus Ex MS & CT is a multinational exercise of ADMM Plus countries group. This edition will commence at Brunei and conclude at Singapore.
  • During the course of the exercise the Indian Navy would engage with participating navies from various ASEAN and other countries through professional interactions in harbour and complex operations at sea.

Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines to conduct joint water patrols to curb kidnappings

  1. Three Southeast Asian nations namely Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines is set to conduct coordinated maritime patrols to face the rising kidnappings and security challenges in the waters bordering the three countries.
  2. These countries pledged to set up crisis centers within their countries as well as a hotline between them to ensure speedy communication during maritime emergencies.
  3. The maritime borders extends along the Sulu and Celebes seas, over which 55 million tons of goods and over 18 million people pass every year.

US and IAF conclude Exercise Red Flag’ in Alaska

  1. An Indian Air Force (IAF) team successfully concluded their four-week Red Flag aerial combat exercises at Alaska in the U.S.
  2. This Joint trial is to showcase the IAF’s capability in undertaking integrated air ops but also to absorb operational lessons from the exercise engagements.
  3. This Exercise is a successor to the Cope Thunder exercise series also the main phase of the exercise had commenced on last month with a mix of combat and support elements from the IAF, US Air Force and US Navy.
  4. As part of the Exercise India flew 10 aircraft which comprising four Su-30MKIs, four Jaguars and two IL-78 aerial refuelling tankers. A team of over 170 personnel took part in the exercises held from April 28 to May 13.

India’s Kalvari stealth submarine starts sea trials

Indian Navy’s first indigenous Scorpene-class stealth submarine Kalvari has been sailed out of Mumbai Harbour for sea trials with this feet India’s defence preparedness is set to get a shot in the arm.

  • The submarine will go through a set of sea trials in the next few months that includes surface trials, diving trials, weapon trials, Noise trials, then she would be commissioned into the Indian Navy as INS Kalvari.
  • The submarine is the first of the Navy’s Scorpene class stealth submarines being fabricated under the Project 75. The submarines built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) and France based DCNS.

US Navy tested world’s largest unmanned surface vessel Sea Hunter

  1. The US Navy tested world’s largest unmanned Surface Sea Hunter, As it pave the way for the first step toward sending unmanned cargo vessels between
  2. With this Pentagon witnessed the surface vessel, a self-driving 132-foot ship could travel up to 10,000 nautical miles on its own to hunt for stealthy submarines and underwater mines.
  3. The country’s research arm, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency developed the ship in collaboration with Virginia-based Leidos.

Sea Hunter War Ship:

♦ The driverless ship’s projected $20 million (£14.2 million) price device and its $15,000 (£10,650) to $20,000 (£14,300) daily operating cost make it relatively inexpensive.

Offshore patrol vessel ICGS Shaurya launched

  1. Goa Shipyard Limited has launched indigenously designed Indian Coast Guard ship Shaurya’ at Vasco, It will be commissioned into service in early 2017
  2. It is the fifth in a series of six off-shore patrol vessels that the Coast Guard had tasked the Vasco defence public sector undertaking to build.
  3. Shaurya is capable of travelling at a speed of 23 knots and has a range of 6,000 nautical miles. It will be built-in with state-of-the-art machinery and incorporated bridge system.
  4. The ship is capable of search and rescue operations, pollution control and external firefighting and will be deployed for ocean surveillance and for monitoring sea lanes of communication.

Indian Navy launches underwater vigil system in Visakhapatnam & decommissions fighter planes Sea Harriers

  1. Indian Navy has launched Harbour Defence Systems at the Naval Dockyard in Visakhapatnam.
  2. Integrated Underwater Harbour Defence,
  3. Surveillance System (IUHDSS),
  4. Mine Warfare Data Centre (MWDC).

These state-of-the-art systems would enhance the Navy’s surveillance capability and response to security threats.

  1. Navy’s Vice Admiral Bisht, AVSM Flag Officer commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command inaugurated the two systems.

Surveillance System:

This IUHDSS is a multi-sensor system capable of detecting, identifying, tracking and generating warnings for all types of surface and underwater threats to Visakhapatnam harbour.

Mine Warfare Data Centre:

The MWDC will compare, analyse and classify data collected by the Navy’s Mine Hunting Ships from various ports along the East coast.

Sea Harrier

The Iconic Sea Harrier’s will be decommissioned from the Indian Navy after 30 years of glorious service for the country’s various mission. The Harriers have been replaced by a squadronof Russian MiG 29k jets.

India test fires home-grown Advanced Air Defence interceptor missile

  1. Indigenously built Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile successfully test fired from the launch complex of Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha.
  2. The advanced version of low altitude supersonic ballistic interceptor missile dubbed as Ashwin was fired. This was 12th test of the interceptor missile.
  3. The home grown missile developed by DRDO which is a single-stage missile powered by solid propellants. It is 7.5 metres tall and weighs around 1.2 tonnes. It had a diameter of less than 0.5 metre.
  4. While the target missile is run by liquid propellants. It is 11 metres tall and weighs five tonnes. Its diameter is one metre.
  5. The first phase of the missile seeks to destroy incoming enemy missiles in exo-atmospheric region and the second phase predicts to kill enemy missiles of more than 2,000 km range in inside the atmospheric region.

India successfully test fires its indigenously developed Prithvi-II missile

  1. India has successfully blasted off its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile as part of a user trial by the army from a launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in
  2. The Missile have a strike range of 350 km alsocapable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines also nine-metre-tall. It uses advanced inertial guidance system withmanoeuvring trajectory to hit its target.
  3. DRDO developed Prithvi is India’s first indigenously-built ballistic missile. It is one of the five missiles under the country’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.

Israel successfully tests missile defence system at sea: Army

  1. Israel has successfully tested a maritime missile interception system that can shoot down short- range missiles. The missile also called Iron Dome of the Sea.
  2. The missile similar to those fired from Gaza which can shoot down short-range rockets also successfully destroyed several missiles.

The test fire took place two weeks ago exhibits the country’s ability to protect Israel’s strategic assets at sea against short-range strategic rockets.

Isreal:

  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Currency: Israeli new shekel

Hypersonic superjet technology successfully tested in Australia

  1. Australian military jointly with United States Military research team successfully blasted off a hypersonic technology in the Australia.
  2. Researchers were tested a series of 10 trials of the hypersonic technology at the world’s largest land testing range located at Woomera in Australia and at Norway’s Andoya Rocket Range.
  3. Scramjet powered rocket booster was successfully sent to an altitude of 278
  4. km at Machnumber over 7.5 which has speed ranges over seven times the speed of sound

Scramjet Engine:

This engine relies on high vehicle speed to forcefully compress the incoming air before combustion and a airflow in a scramjet is supersonic throughout the entire engine.

INS Tarmugli Joins the Indian Navy

  1. The Indian Navy commissioned indigenously built Fast Attack Craft INS Tarmugli for deployment of coastal patrol and surveillance operations along the East Coast of India. This is the first Follow-on WaterJet Fast Attack Craft.
  2. It was commissioned by the Vice Admiral HCS Bisht AVSM, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command in Visakhapatnam. It was named after a pretty island in the Andaman Islands group.
  3. Tarmugli is conceived, designed and built indigenously that measures 48 meters in length, can achieve speeds in excess of 30 knots also weighing 320-tonne.

 

Defence News – June

India, Singapore agreed to enhance scale of Military interaction

India and Singapore had the first dialogue between their defence ministers and they agreed to enhance the scale and complexity of existing bilateral military interaction.

Delegates: Indian Government Defence Minister: ManoharParrikar

Singapore Defence Minister: Ng Eng Hen

Focus: Bilateral defence Cooperation to the highest level.

Union Government allowed 100% FDI in Civil aviation, Defence and Food processing

Union Government relaxed Foreign Direct Investment policies in the sectors such as Defence, Civil aviation, e-commerce in Food products, Broadcasting carriage services and Private Security agencies

Changes in Foreign Direct Investment

Sl No Sector Approved FDI
1 Defence 100%
2 Pharmaceuticals (Brownfield) 74%
3 Airports (Brownfield) 100%
4 Civil Aviation 100% (49% Automatic & 51% Govt Approval)
5 Cable Networks, DTH and Mobile TV 100%

Union Defence Ministry gives nod for purchase of 145 Ultra Light Howitzers guns from the US

  1. The Defence Ministry cleared decks for purchase of 145 Ultra Light Howitzers, worth about USD 750 million, from the US and also approved bulk production of 18 Dhanush artillery guns, the first acquisition of such weapon systems.
  2. Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), headed by the Defence Minister ManoharParrikar,and took up 18 proposals including new schemes worth Rs 28,000 crore for discussion.
  3. On the other hand the project has got nod that will now allow the Navy to issue tenders, was the proposal to build six next generation missile vessels under ‘Buy Indian’ category for Rs 13,600 crore.

G Ashok Kumar assumes charge as Deputy Chief of Naval Staff

  1. Vice Admiral G Ashok Kumar took charge as the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff. He is an alumnus of Pune National Defence Academy, he was commissioned into the Executive Branch in 1982.
  2. He has served as the navigating officer of Indian Naval Ships Beas, Nilgiri, Ranvir and Vikrant also specialized in navigation and direction.
  3. Ashok worked as the commanding officer of INS Kulish and Ranvir, and executive officer onboard INS Brahmaputra.

India joins Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation

India jointly consolidated Hague Code of Conduct in opposition to Ballistic Missile Proliferation which was apprised by HCoC Central Contact which is situated in Vienna.

♦ Delhi has combined with HCOC for elevating India’s membership application towards desired

Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR),

♦ The NSG plenary meeting will be held in Seoul in June 2016.

India has become the 35th member of the Missile Technology Control Regime

India amalgamated in Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) as a complete member to enlighten in high end missile technology.

Venue and date: New Delhi, 27 of June 2016

Purpose: Mutual benefits in intensifying global non-proliferation norms and to enlighten in high end missile technology.

Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar signed a pact on multilateral export control regime for the first time.

NATO launched Anaconda-16 exercise in Poland

  1. Nato countries biggest ever joint military exercises Anaconda-16 was launched in Warsaw, Poland.
  2. This Exercise is managed by Poland’s Lt Gen Marek Tomaszycki and around 31,000 Polish,US and other troops are participating in the land, sea and air exercises.
  3. Anaconda Exercises are intended to test Nato’s ability to respond to threats also to showcase the strength as a response to concerns about Russia’s assertiveness and actions.

Joint Indo-Korean coast guard exercise starts on June 8

  1. Indian Coast Gaurd and their Korean Counterpart are taking part in a joint exercise codenamed Sahyog-Hyeobleod-2016 is being scheduled in the Bay of Bengal in Chennai.These exercises are scheduled every year alternately between the two countries.
  2. The three day long exercise is kicked off on June 8 is to strengthen the working level relationship between the two Coast Guards and also refine the joint operating procedures.
  3. Both the sides as following a Memorandum of Understanding signed in 2004. Since then, the floating assets of both maritime forces have held exchanges in the form ofcombined exercises.
  4. The best bit of this year’s exercise is a mock anti-piracy mission in which a hijacked vessel is rescued in combined operation by teams from both the sides.

Malabar Exercise kicks off close to South China Sea

  1. India, Japan and the US navies kicked off the Malabar Exercise, a naval exercise near Okinawa Island near Japan.
  2. The 20th edition of the exercise, MALABAR-16, is being conducted from 14 to 17 June with the harbour phase at Sasebo from 10 to 13 June and the sea phase in the Pacific Ocean from 14 to 17 June.
  3. The main aim of this trilateral exercise is to increase interoperability amongst the three navies and develop common understanding of processes for Maritime Security Operations.
  4. In the Japan controlled edition of the exercise Indian ships participating are from the Eastern Fleet and include INS Sahyadri and INS Satpura, indigenously built guided missile stealth frigates, INS Shakti, and INS Kirch.

North Korea test-fired Musudan ballistic missiles

North Korea has test fired two midrange ballistic missiles from its eastern coast under the guidance of Leader Kim Jong Un to elevate the maximum range of missile missiles – Musudan missiles

  • The first launched missile under failure which was travelling about 150 km before north-korea- missilelanded to the sea
  • The second missile is more efficient than previous one which is flew about 400 km and touched height of 1,000 km

3 Indian Navy Ships Reach Russia To Enhance Maritime Cooperation

  1. Three Indian naval ships reached Vladivostok in Russia on a four day visit as part of efforts to enhance maritime cooperation between the navies of both countries.
  2. The ships representing Indian Navy namely INS Sahyadri, Shakti and Kirch, under the Command of the Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet, Rear Admiral SV Bhokare, as part of deployment of the Eastern Fleet to the South China Sea.
  3. These ships will have professional interactions with the Russian Navy aimed at enhancing co­operation and bolster the strong bonds of friendship between the two forces.

India’s First Integrated Defence Communication Network Launched

  1. India’s first Integrated Defence Communication Network (DCN) was launched on 30June 2016.
  2. The DCN was inaugurated by Defence MinisterManoharParrikar at South Block.
  • The network enables the Army, the Air Force, the Navy and the Special Forces Command to share situational awareness for a faster decision-making process. It is the first tri-service communication and IT network of the Armed Forces.
  • It is a strategic, highly secure and scalable system. It has has a pan-India reach from Ladakh to the North East to island territories.
  • The network has been fully designed and developed in India by HCL Infosystems.

Anti-submarine torpedo Varunastra inducted in Navy

Indigenously-built heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo Varunastra has been successfully inducted in the navy, making India one of the eight countries to have the capability to design and build such a system.

Facts about Varunastra :

  1. It has been developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), a premier laboratory of DRDO. Weighing around 1.25 tonnes, it can carry about 250 kg of explosives at a speed of around 40 nautical miles an hour.
  2. The Varunastra torpedo has been developed by Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), a premier laboratory of DRDO. It weighs around 1.25 tonnes and carries about 250 kg of explosives at a speed of around 40 nautical miles an hour.
  3. It has almost 95 per cent indigenous content. It is capable of targeting stealthy and quiet submarines, both in deep and littoral waters in intense counter-measure environment.
  4. Varunastra has been designed with latest technologies such as high-speed and long endurance propulsion, software driven intelligence, conformal array acoustic homing with wide look angle and advanced digital signal processing.
  5. It has a GPS-based locating aid, a unique feature in contemporary torpedoes in the world. It is also equipped with advanced autonomous guidance algorithms with low drift navigational aids, insensitive warhead which can operate in various combat scenarios.

Torpedo: It is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead. It is launched above or below the water surface and propelled underwater towards a target. It is designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.

 

Defence News – July

S K Kohli appointed chief defence accounts auditor

  1. Senior civil servant S K Kohli has been named as the Controller General of Defence Accounts (CGDA). He is an Indian Defence Accounts Service officer.
  2. The Appointments Committee of Cabinet has given its nod to Kohli’s empanelment for promotion to the post of CGDA.

Lt. Anurag Thakur joins Territorial Army after clearing SSB

BJP’s LokSabha member and Indian cricket board President Anurag Thakur is commissioned into the Territorial Army in the rank of Lieutenant by army chief General Dalbir Singh.

  1. Lieutenant Anurag Thakur cleared the Services Selection Board and was found fit for joining the Territorial Army, the second line of defence after the Indian Army and he has been commissioned in 124 InfantaryBatallion (Territorial Army) Sikh.
  2. Thakur became the first serving BJP Member of the Parliament to join the military force.
  3. Anurag Singh Thakur is a member of LokSabha from Hamirpur in Himachal Pradesh in India and he was elected as the youngest President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India in May 2016.

INS Viraat, Navy’s ‘Grand Old Lady’, Sets Sail For One Last Time

  1. India’s majestic aircraft carrier, INS Viraat aka”Grand Old Lady” of Indian Navy set sail for one last time from Mumbai to Kochi which will be decommissioned later this year.
  2. The 750-feet long ‘giant’ served the Indian Navy with distinction for almost three decades.
  3. The second aircraft carrier of the country has spent 29 years under the Indian flag and 27 years with the Royal Navy (United Kingdom).
  4. The ship holds the Guinness Record for being the oldest serving warship.

First squadron of LCA Tejas inducted into Indian Air Force

  1. The first squadron of indigenously designed and manufactured Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) Tejas was inducted into Indian Air Force (IAF).
  2. The Tejas is a fourth-generation one which is lightweight, multi-role supersonic single-engine aircraft designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) jointly with India’s largest defence PSU, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bengaluru.

Indian Navy launches water jet craft in Kolkata

  1. The Indian Navy launched the last of the series of the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft(WJFAC) ship at a ceremony in Kolkata.
  2. The Water Jet vessel was launched in the waters by wife of chief of logistics, Vice-Admiral JayantKorde, at Raja Bagan dockyard to build small ships.
  3. The fighter jet is capable of attack missions and is also used against smuggling and poaching activities. Water Jet FAC (Fast Attack Craft) 49-meter long vessel weighs 315 tons and is designed to reach a maximum speed of 35 knots.
  4. The ship Tarasa is named after an island in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago.

Indo-Israel medium range surface-to-air missile, Barak 8 test-fired successfully

  1. India successfully blasted off twice a medium-range surface-to-air ballistic missile,developed in collaboration with Israel, from launch pad 3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur-on-sea in Balasore district off the coast of Odisha.
  2. The missile has a strike range of 70 km, is designed to defend against any airborne threat, apart from aircraft and helicopters, and can also intercept supersonic aircraft and missile
  3. The missile has made by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Israel Aerospace Industries and Israel’s Administration for the Development of Weapons and Technological Infrastructure.

China Navy Conducts Combat Drill in the South China Sea

  1. The Chinese navy conducted combat drills near its southern island province of Hainan and the Paracel islands in the South China Sea on July 9
  2. The drills come ahead of a July 12 ruling by the Hague-based Permanent Court of Arbitrationon a case brought by the Philippines disputing several of China’s territory claims in the South China Sea.

Admiral Sunil Lanba Commissions Marine Commandos Unit ‘INS Karna’

  1. Indian Navy launched a dedicated base for its Special Operation Forces – MARCOS (Marine Commandos) named INS Karna was commissioned in Visakhapatnamby Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba.
  2. The first base for Indian Navy’s elite force with capability to operate in all three dimensions of warfare – air, land and sea in the homeport of the Navy on the Eastern Seaboard.
  3. The MARCOS East unit has developed in terms of manpower, infrastructure, equipment holding and other resources.

DRDO successfully test fired ATAGS – A pure Indigenous Combat syste

  • DRDO successfully test fired the purely indigenous 155 mm x 52 caliber AdvancedTowed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), which the Indian Army is all set to get the much needed weapon for user trials by early 2017.
  • Giving the ‘Make in India’ initiative for the defense sector yet another boost, DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) built this 155 mm x 52 caliber Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) in India itself.
  • The specialties of ATAGS are, the gun will have a firing range of 40 kms and boasts of advanced features such as high mobility, quick deploy ability and auxiliary power mode, advanced communication system, automatic command and control system with night firing capability in direct fire mode.

Three Indian Naval Ships reaches Port Kelang in Malaysia on four day visit

  1. Indian Naval Ships Sahyadri, Shakti and Kirch under the Command of the Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet, Rear Admiral S V Bhokare, YSM, NM have made a visit at Port Kelang on a four day visit.
  2. The current visit seeks to enhance maritime cooperation between the Indian Navy and the Royal Malaysian Navy.
  3. The visiting ships are also to be expected to conduct exercises with the Royal Malaysian Navy, aimed at enhancing interoperability in communication as well as Search and Rescue procedures, post departure from Port Kelang.

RIMPAC 2016 – World’s largest international maritime exercise kicks off

  1. World’s largest international Biennial maritime exercise named RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific) 2016 kicked off in Pacific Ocean at Hawaii, United States.
  2. Over one month long RIMPAC 2016 exercise will see participation of navies from 26 countries. This year it is the 25th edition of biennial exercise in the series that began in 1971.
  3. India is being represented by Indian Naval ship (INS) Satpura, an indigenously built guided missile stealth frigate.

RIMPAC 2016:

Theme: Capable, Adaptive, Partners.

Course of Exercise: 30 June to 4 August 2016.

Participating Countries: 26

Participants: 45 ships, 5 submarines, about 200 aircrafts and 25000 personnel’s.New Nations Taking Part for the first time: Denmark, Germany and Italy.

Joint Indo-Thailand Military Exercise ‘Maitree’ culminates

  • The Two Week long Indo-Thailand Military Exercise Maitree-2016 is came to end at Krabi, The exercise had commenced on 15 July 2016.
  • The Royal Thailand Army hosted the Exercise along with Indian Army where 90 Soldiersfrom India took part.
  • In the two week exercise there was extensive training to expand inter- operability between the two countries

 

Defence News – August

China holds first nuclear security emergency drill

  1. China has held its first comprehensive nuclear security emergency drill Code-named as Fengbao-2016 to expand the nuclear power generation.
  2. The country also stepping up the installed nuclear power capacity to 58 GW, besides it also to generate 30 GW by 2020.

China tests heavy motor for space rockets

  1. China has successfully tested its largest solid-fuel motor that can be used in heavy space rockets for future deep space missions in the northwest city of Xian.
  2. The solid fuel rocket motor comes with three meter dia that can ran for 100 seconds after ignition. It will be used in heavy lift and large rockets used in deep space explorationsandmanned moon landing operations.

N Korea fires missile into Japan waters for first time

  1. North Korea blasted off a ballistic Missile for the first time that landed in Japanese- controlled waters posing a grave threat to the Japan.
  2. The tested ballistic missile was launched off the North’s east coast that landed in Japan Sea after travelling about 1,000km. Japan defence side said that there were two missiles landed.
  3. The missile is set be the one of the North Korea’s longest launches till date, the country had been suspended by UN recently for developing nuclear and ballistic missile technology.

South India’s first Doppler weather radar inaugurated

  1. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman A S Kiran Kumar inaugurated the C Band Polari metric Doppler Weather Radar to be installed in the southern states at the VikramSarabahi Space Centre in This is the first of its kind.
  2. A Doppler weather radar, which can provide advance information about storms, cyclones and other severe weather conditions also it would be available to India Meteorological Department (IMD) to supplement its weather predictions.

Lt Gen BipinRawat to be new Army vice-chief

  1. Lieutenant General BipinRawat took charge as the General Officer Commanding in Chief of Pune based Southern Command. He will fill the shoes of Lt Gen Ashok Singh.
  2. Prior to his new assignment, He was General Officer Commanding Maharashtra. First he was commissioned in the Fifth Battalion of the Eleven Gorkha Rifles from Indian Military Academy

Lt Gen Bipin Rawat – the VCOAS of the Indian Army

  • Lt Gen Bipin Rawat will take over as the VCOAS of the Indian Army on 01 September 2016. He was commissioned in the Fifth Battalion of the Eleven Gorkha Rifles in December 1978, from IMA, Dehradun, where he was awarded the’Sword of Honour’.
  • The Vice Chief of the Army Staff(VCOAS) issecond in command of the Indian Army next to Chief of the Army Staff. He is responsible for operation and army related tasks.

 

Defence News – September

 

Coast Guard sets up air enclave in Mangaluru

  1. The Coast Guard was prepared an air enclave to step up aerial surveillance of Karnataka coast for helping in search and rescue operations and also to check maritime crimes.
  2. District Coast Guard’s Executive Officer Commandant Rajender Singh Sapal declared at a press meet held in the Coast Guard office that the agency was confident of a new Air Enclave being sanctioned for
  3. The two state-of-the-art surveillance radars were being installed on the light houses in Bhartkal and Suratkal. The Indian Coast Guard through the Defence Estate Officer has paid Rs.1.88 crore for the 15.21 acres of land.

Army Design bureau created by Army to decrease import of equipment

  1. The Indian Army has set up Army Design Bureau (ADB) with an aim to indigenize procurements and reduce dependence on imports. ADB will be part of the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative and integrate various stake holders in its long-term requirements.
  2. This move was announced by Army Chief General Dalbir Singh at an Army seminar on Make in India where he also launched the ‘Make in India Army Website’ meant to serve as a one stop platform for information to vendors.

Prakampana-2016 held in Visakapatnam

  1. A permanent facility of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) named ‘Prakampana’- the first Joint Disaster Management Exercise was inaugurated in
  2. The armed forces, in association with the National Disaster Management Authority and the NDRF, would be represented in these exercises.
  3. The three-day exercise is being conducted by the Eastern Naval Command (ENC), in liaison with the concerned Centre and state authorities.

State of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh to get government Helicopter Services

  1. The Government has given its approval for operation of helicopter services in the State of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh on a pilot basis in 10 sectors, as per the stipulation that the most inaccessible destination points should be chosen.
  2. The scheme can be extended to other/additional sectors at a later date depending upon the assessment of the justifiable needs of the local population.
  3. Under the scheme, in J&K -Srinagar-Kargil, Srinagar-Drass, Kargil-Padum-Leh, Leh-Lingshed and Srinagar-Leh are the five probable sectors where the government plans to operate the helicopter services.

Exercise YUDH ABHYAS-2016′ began in Uttarakhand – Sep 14

  • Indo-US defence co-operation, a joint military training exercise, ‘YudhAbhyas 2016’ was prepared to be conducted in Uttarakhand from September 14 to 27.The exercise inChaubattia was being conducted by the headquarter Central Command.
  • This training was a series of one of the longest running joint military training and a major ongoing bilateral defence cooperation endeavours between India and the US. It was the 12th edition of the joint military exercise hosted alternately by the two countries.

Joint India-US army exercise Yudh Abhyas 2016- Chaubattia, Uttarakhand

  1. 12th edition of military training exercise between Indian and US Armies Yudh Abhyas 2016 was held at Chaubattia in Uttarakhand.
  2. The Exercise Yudh Abhyas-2016 will simulate a scenario where both nations are working together in counter insurgency and counter terrorism environment in mountainous terrain under UN charter.

India Kazakhstan Joint Exercise “PRABAL DOSTYK-16”

  • India Kazakhstan Joint Exercise, “PRABAL DOSTYK-16” is being conducted in Karaganda region of Kazakhstan and will conclude on 17 Sep 2016.
  • This exercise will be conducted in two stages. The first stage will be to familiarize with each others tactics, drills, weapons & equipment, whereas in the second stage troops of both the armies will graduate to jointly execute a helicopter borne operation in a simulated environment.

China, Russia conducted joint naval exercises Joint Sea-2016 in South China Sea

  1. Chinese and Russian naval forces began joint naval exercises in the South China Sea,This added a new twist to ongoing tensions over Chinese island-building in the region.
  2. The 8 day exercises would highlight marine corps units in “live-fire drills, sea crossingand island landing operations and island defense and offense exercises was reported from China’s official Xinhua News Agency.
  3. The 8 day naval exercises (from September 13 to 19) were held in a non disputed area in SCS off China’s southern Guangdong province

8th edition of India-Russia Joint Military Exercise Indra-2016 Begins in Vladivostok, Russia

Eleven days India-Russia Joint Military Exercise ‘INDRA-2016’ began in the Ussiriysk District in Vladivostok, Russia on September 23, 2016.

  1. Objective: Counter-Terrorism Operations in semi mountainous and jungle terrain under United Nations Mandate
  2. Both Contingents marched in unison, past the saluting dais, exhibiting their resolve to further the Indo-Russian friendship.

Russia joins Pakistan in ‘anti-terror drill’ in Pakistan

  1. The two Cold War enemies Russia and Pakistan joined together for their first-ever joint military exercise called ‘Friendship 2016’
  2. Aim: To strengthening and developing military cooperation with Pakistan
  3. ‘Friendship 2016 held in the territory of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in at the bases of Rattu, the military mountain training school and a training center of the special units in Cherat

SAHAYATA-2016 – annual joint disaster relief exercise held in Gujarat

  • Disaster Relief Exercise ‘Ex SAHAYATA’ was inaugurated by Air Marshal RK Dhir AVSM VM ADC Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, South Western Air Command at IAF headquarters in Gandhinagar, Gujarat on September 14, 2016.
  • This is the first such exercise bringing together Central and State Government agencies, Armed Forces, private companies, prime educational & research institutes media.

GRSE hands over fast attack craft “TIHAYU” to Indian Navy

  1. Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE) handed over the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC), “TIHAYU” to Indian Navy.
  2. “TIHAYU” is the second ship of the ‘Follow-on’ Series of WJFACs while INS Tarmugli is the first ship of the same series.

Union Ministers commissioned ICGS Sarathi into the force in Goa

  1. Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Defence Minister Manohar Parrikarcommissioned the 105 metre vessel ICGS Sarathi into the force in Goa.
  2. The vessel, which would be commissioned in the presence of Coast Guard Director General Rajendra Singh, is the third vessel of the Sarathi Class vessels being designed and built indigenously by Vasco-based Goa Shipyard Limited.

Indian Navy launches missile destroyer ‘Mormugao’

  1. The Indian Navy launched an advanced indigenously built guided-missile destroyer, Mormugao, in financial capital of the country (Mumbai).
  2. Navy chief Admiral Sunil Lanba, who was present when the vessel was released into the Arabian Sea, announced that the stealth destroyer was at par with the best vessels in the world.
  3. The vessel was built by Centre-owned Mazgaon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd.

India successfully test-fires surface-to-air missile ‘Barak-8’ off Odisha coast

  1. India successfully test fired a new surface-to-air missile – ‘Barak-8’, from a defense base in its eastern sate of Odisha, was reported by state-run broadcaster All India Radio (AIR).
  2. The missile was successfully launched. from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) launch pad at Chandipur in Balasore district.
  3. The 4.5-meter missile weighs around 3 tons and can carry a payload of 70 kilograms. The system also includes a Multi-Functional Surveillance and Threat Alert Radar (MF STAR) for detection, tracking and guidance of the missile.

IAF successfully fires long-range air-to-air missile

The Indian Air Force had successfully fired recently acquired long range air-to-air MICA missile on a maneuvering target from Mirage-2000 Upgrade combat aircraft.

Mirage-2000:

  • It is a single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by France’s Dassault Aviation.
  • The upgraded Mirage 2000 fighter jets were fitted with the Thales RDY 2 radar, new avionics, helmet-mounted display. They have ability to fire new weapons including BVR MICA, Meteor missiles.

Manohar Parrikar Inaugurated 35th Coast Guard Commanders’ Conference

  1. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar inaugurated the 35th Coast Guard Commanders Conference at New Delhi. Parrikar appreciated the efforts of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) in augmenting maritime and coastal security not only by deployment of assets but also by efficient exploitation of Coastal Security Network Phase I .
  2. The conference was attended by senior officers of the Ministry of Defence and Indian Coast Guard (ICG) which included the Director General Rajendra Singh, Additional Director Generals and Coast Guard Regional Commanders.

Indian Army carried out surgical strikes on terror launch pads across LoC

  1. Indian Army had successfully conducted surgical strikes on terror launch pads across the Line of Control () in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK).
  2. The strikes were India’s first direct military response to the attack on the Uri army base earlier this month that killed 18 Indian soldiers and was blamed on Pakistan-based militants.
  3. The cross-border action came days after New Delhi reviewed its 56-year-old Indus Waters Treaty with Pakistan and pulled out of the regional Saarc Summit in Islamabad as part of a wider diplomatic offensive to isolate its nettlesome neighbor.

Defence Acquisition Council chaired by Manohar Parrikar cleared proposals worth Rs 1,900 cr

  1. The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has cleared proposals worth 1,900 crore rupees(close to $3 billion). All these approved proposals would be executed under ‘Buy India’ by Indian contractors.
  2. Decision in this regard was taken by DAC meeting chaired by Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar in New Delhi. The electronic warfare system is worth 330 crore.

Lt Gen Surinder Singh Takes Charge Of Western Command

  • Lt Gen Surinder Singh took over as General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of theWestern Command at Chandimandir on September 17, 2016. He is the successor of Lt Gen KJ Singh who retired on July 31,2016.
  • Prior to this, he was on attachment to the Deputy Chief of Army Staff’s Branch at the Army Headquarters in New Delhi after having completed his tenure as the GOC, 33 Corps at Siliguri in August.
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